As an NRI returning to India, one of the most important things to consider is the healthcare system. India has made significant progress in improving its healthcare infrastructure in recent years, but there are still many challenges that NRIs may face when navigating the system.
According to a study by the Indian Council of Medical Research, India spends only 1.4% of its GDP on healthcare, compared to the global average of 6%. This has led to a shortage of healthcare facilities, particularly in rural areas.
Additionally, India has a doctor-patient ratio of only 1:1,445, which is much lower than the WHO-recommended ratio of 1:1,000.
Another challenge that NRIs may face is the lack of health insurance coverage.
According to a report by the National Sample Survey Organization, only 20% of the Indian population has health insurance, compared to 90% in the United States.
To navigate the Indian healthcare system as an NRI, it’s important to take certain steps to ensure access to quality healthcare. Here are some tips to keep in mind:
1. Research the healthcare facilities in your area
Before you move back to India, research the healthcare facilities in the area where you plan to settle. Look for hospitals that have good reputations and offer the services you may need.
2. Get health insurance
While health insurance coverage in India may not be as comprehensive as in the United States, it’s still important to have some form of coverage. Consider purchasing a policy from a reputable provider that covers the services you may need.
3. Build a relationship with a primary care physician
Having a primary care physician who knows your medical history and can coordinate your care is essential. Ask for recommendations from friends and family in the area, or do research online to find a physician who is a good fit for you.
4. Be prepared to pay out-of-pocket
While health insurance can help cover some of your medical expenses, you may still need to pay out-of-pocket for certain services. Make sure you have some savings set aside for unexpected medical expenses.
5. Stay up-to-date on vaccinations
India has a high incidence of certain infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis and hepatitis B. Make sure you are up-to-date on your vaccinations and take any necessary precautions to prevent infection.
Despite the challenges, the Indian healthcare system has made significant strides in recent years, with improvements in infrastructure, technology, and services.
By taking the right steps and staying informed, NRIs can navigate the system and access quality healthcare in India.
- Indian Council of Medical Research. (2021).
National Health Profile 2020. Retrieved from https://main.mohfw.gov.in/sites/default/files/NHP%202020%20Draft%20v1.1%20.pdf
- World Health Organization. (2021).
Density of physicians (total number per 1000 population, latest available year). Retrieved from https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.HWFGRP_0020?lang=en
- National Sample Survey Organization. (2019).
Key Indicators of Social Consumption in India: Health. Retrieved from http://mospi.nic.in/sites/default/files/publication_reports/KI_Health_75th_Final.pdf